Education is the process of facilitating, learning or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Education methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, discussions, training and directed research.
Sex is defined as a category into which humans and most other living things are divided on the basis of their reproductive functions. Sex as used in this context is not limited to gender such as male, female, others. It includes the process of intercourse or copulation by an individual (masturbation), by a couple (two people), or more. A concentration of many engaged in sexual activity is referred to as orgy.
Kearney (2008) defined sex education as “involving a comprehensive course of action calculated to bring about the socially desirable attitudes, practices and personal conduct on the part of children and adults, that will best protect the individual as a human and the family as a social institution. Sex education involves the articulation of education techniques or methods to enlighten the society, men, women, old, young, boys and girls inclusive about sex.
Sex education additionally implies the accumulation and dispensation of instructions, information that concerns human sexuality, sexual activities, sexual reproduction, etc. Besides, sex education is the creation of awareness about our reproductive health and rights, birth control, sexual abstinence, family planning, reproduction, (fertilization, conception, and development of the embryo and fetus till childbirth). Equally, it provides us information about all areas of one’s sexuality including: body image, sexual orientation, sexual pleasure, values, decision making, communication, dating, relationships, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and how to avoid them, and birth control methods which erstwhile one was not conscious of.
Further, it is imperative to state that our societies irrespective of your location to a questionable extent is deficient in sex education evident in the increase in unwanted pregnancies with teenagers constituting the highest number of victims. Most times, the deficiency is as a result of the neglect of the need to teach the young ones about sex forgetting that every child, teen or youth has a very high level of curiosity which often propels them to explore the unpaved path to and beyond satisfaction often beyond the control of the society.
The Benefits of Sex Education
The lack of sufficient sexual education has likewise furthered and fathered the spread of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).e.g. HIV/AIDS, gonorrhea, Syphilis, Herpes, etc.
In other respects, Rubin and Kindendall are of the view that sex education is not restricted to the topics of reproduction and teaching how babies are conceived and born. Instead, it extends to the scope and goal of helping children incorporate sex more meaningfully into their present and future life and to provide them with some level of consciousness to understand virtually every aspect of sex by the time they reach full maturity or adulthood.
To attain an effective level of Sex Education, human rights issues, gender roles, gender-sensitivity and gender equality should be incorporated into the different aspects of daily discussions. Enlightenment about sexual abuse, gender-based violence and other related harmful practices should be held with high esteem, promoted and given unrelenting support.
Sex education can be through a formal or informal approach. Formally, we mean building a course outline and including it in the curriculum of schools were it would be taught alongside other courses or subjects and graded as well. The informal approach is quite delectable as it employs a conventional medium such as the media, parentage, religious establishments, literature, to educate, (re-) orientate the populace about sex and the strings attached.
Benefits of Sex Education:
The importance of sex education is eminent in its inclusion among the 17 SDGs, (SDG 5: Gender equality). Sex Education is a medicine the world needs to reduce gender disparity, gender inequality, low self-esteem, sexual oppression, sexual depression, etc.
Sexual Education is a medium to reduce the spread of sexually transmitted infections and diseases.
It helps to create awareness about the reproductive systems, sexual organs, menstruation, contraception etc.
It improves the perception and acceptance of individual and other’s gender.
It aids the development and acquisition of good, sexual behaviours.
It helps the understanding healthy and unhealthy relationships patterns.
Sex education builds confidence, autonomy and other values of one’s body.
Being literate about sex helps show respect for all people with different or diverse gender identity.
It guides against unwanted pregnancies and ultimately the effects of abortion such as womb destruction, loss of blood, blocked fallopian tube, damaged uterus, etc.